- United States
The US Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act (H.R. 3012) was proposed last year in November, by the US House of Representatives. Unfortunately the bill was put on hold in the Senate due to some reservations by the Iowa state Senator Chuck Grassley, until July this year.
The act aims at streamlining and creating a more convenient procedure for highly skilled immigrants to apply for a green card, as the current system only allows about 7 percent of the 140,000 employment based green cards to be awarded to individuals from a single country. The problem this imposed limit creates is the long waiting time the employers have to face before the skilled worker can enter US to start the work. Specific to the skilled professionals and potential investors in the US financial market, the Act was stopped in progress by Sen. Grassley until July 11th of this year.
The aim of the Act is mainly to increase the inflow of highly skilled human capital and investors in the United States of America.
But critics of the Act started arguing how relaxing certain immigration regulations particularly for the skilled immigrants would result in job shortages for the local native-born Americans. They predict that increased inflow will push up the employment rate beyond current figures of 8.2 per cent.
The critics claim that the job market in the country is inflexible and can accommodate only a number of skilled workers. It means a job given to any highly skilled immigrant would consequently result in one fewer job for a native-born American.
The fact which the critics fail to consider is that the highly-skilled class of immigrants will contribute to the American economy enormously. It means that by bringing foreign skilled immigrants to America and providing them with green card, after the eligibility criteria, the government will be indirectly increasing the productivity of the home based companies. This is so because there is still a considerable lack of highly skilled scientific and technical workers in the country, as the majority of the youth is interested in commerce and finance.
The United States will not only be able to cover up this gap of deficiency of highly skilled scientific and technical labor, but will also reduce unemployment rate as increased productivity will result in expansions, which would evidently create more employment opportunities.
Already the US is home to successful and prosperous companies and group of industries that were incorporated by skilled immigrant investors and businessmen. The state of Iowa itself is home to numerous companies started by immigrants, one of which is the Compressor Controls Corporation, a company founded by a Russian immigrant, which now employs about 300 employees. Such contribution will not only improvise the American labor market in the short term but will also provide incentives for its future maintenance.
But unfortunately, due to the current inflexible immigration policies, the US every year turns down many skilled immigrants, costing the country valuable skilled labor.
The Fairness Act is bound to at least provide a preliminary solution to this problem if not a long term one. The Act will ensure the removal of any scarcity of US Green Cards by improving their allocation system. It will not only uplift employment based immigration but will also create enough room for family-based Green Cards, which is also bound buy the same limitation of 7 percent.
The proposed Act is expected to help simplify the complex and inflexible immigration policies of the country which will, in return, provide the US government with a more viable and rational immigration policy. However, the fate of the Act is still in doubts and it may take long time before it becomes a law.
Tags: Immigration, Iowa State, Senator Chuck Grassley, United States, United States of America, US Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act, US House of Representatives, US Immigration, Work in USA